NOSCCA North Sea Region Climate Change Assessment

Lead Authors

Rita Adrian
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Berlin, Germany

Nigel W. Arnell
Walker Institute for Climate System Research, University of Reading, UK

Jan P. Bakker
Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen,
The Netherlands

Keith M. Brander
National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Charlottenlund,
Denmark

Franciscus Colijn
Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany

Stig Bjørløw Dalsøren
CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research-Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Martin Drews
Systems Analysis, DTU Management Engineering, Lyngby, Denmark

Job Dronkers
Deltares, Delft, and Netherlands Centre for Coastal Research, Delft, The Netherlands

Kirsten Halsnæs
Systems Analysis, DTU Management Engineering, Lyngby, Denmark

Abdel Hannachi
Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden

Dag Olav Hessen
Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Thomas Hickler
Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), and Department of Physical
Geography, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany

Norbert Hölzel
Institute of Landscape Ecology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany

John Huthnance
National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool, UK

Edgar Kreilkamp
Institute of Corporate Development, Leuphana University of Lüneburg, Lüneburg, Germany

Lars Kutzbach
Institute of Soil Science, CEN, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

Jaap Kwadijk
Deltares, Delft, The Netherlands, and Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Department of
Water Engineering and Management, Twente University, Enschede, The Netherlands

Benjamin Lloyd-Hughes
Walker Institute for Climate System Research, University of Reading, Reading, UK

Jason Lowe
Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, UK

Wilhelm May
Research and Development Department, Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI), Copenhagen,
Denmark, and Centre for Environmental and Climate Research, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

H.E. Markus Meier
Research Department, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Norrköping,
Sweden, and Department of Physical Oceanography and Instrumentation, Leibniz-Institute for
Baltic Sea Research (IOW), Rostock, Germany

Hanz D. Niemeyer
Independent Consultant, ret. Coastal Research Station, Norderney, Germany

Ingeborg Nöhren
Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany

Jørgen Eivind Olesen
Department of Agroecology—Climate and Bioenergy, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

Geir Ottersen
Institute of Marine Research (IMR), Bergen, Norway, and CEES Centre for Ecological and
Evolutionary Synthesis, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

John K. Pinnegar
Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas), Lowestoft, UK, and
School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia (UEA), Norwich, UK

Markus Quante
Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany

Diana Rechid
Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Hamburg,
Germany

Markku Rummukainen
Centre for Environmental and Climate Research, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

K. Heinke Schlünzen
Institute of Meteorology, CEN, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

Corinna Schrum
Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Norway, and Institute of Coastal Research,
Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany

Martin Stendel
Department for Arctic and Climate, Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI), Copenhagen,
Denmark

Tim Stojanovic
Department of Geography and Sustainable Development, University of St Andrews, UK

Ralf Weisse
Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany

Patrick Willems
Department of Civil Engineering, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Contributing Authors

Andreas C.W. Baas
Department of Geography, King’s College London, London, UK

Jan P. Bakker
Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

Jesper Bartholdy
Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

Gé Beaufort
Hydr. Engineering Cons., De Meern, The Netherlands

Gregory Beaugrand
CNRS, Laboratoire d’Océanologie de Géosciences (LOG), Wimereux, France

Christian Bjørnæs
CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research-Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Thorsten Blenckner
Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden

Sylvia I. Bohnenstengel
Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, Reading, UK; MetOffice@Reading, University of Reading, Reading, UK

Keith M. Brander
National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Charlottenlund, Denmark

Katharina Bülow
Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Hamburg, Germany

William W.L. Cheung
Institute for the Ocean and Fisheries, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Niels-Erik Clausen
DTU Wind Energy, Roskilde, Denmark

Huib de Vriend
Independent Consultant, Oegstgeest, The Netherlands

Mark de Weerd
TAUW, Deventer, The Netherlands

Alberto Elizalde
Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany

Georg H. Engelhard
Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas), Lowestoft, UK; School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia (UEA), Norwich, UK

Anette Ganske
Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH), Hamburg, Germany

Stefan Garthe
Research and Technology Centre (FTZ), University of Kiel, Büsum, Germany

Anita Gilles
Institute for Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife Research, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Büsum, Germany

Iris Grabemann
Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany

Ivan Haigh
Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK

Abdel Hannachi
Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden

Werner Härdtle
Institute of Ecology, Leuphana University of Lüneburg, Lüneburg, Germany

Hartmut Heinrich
Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH), Hamburg, Germany

Helena Herr
Institute for Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife Research, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Büsum, Germany

Roland Hiederer
Institute for Environment and Sustainability, European Commission Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy

Helmut Hillebrand
Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany

Sabine Hilt
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Berlin, Germany

Solfrid Hjøllo
Institute of Marine Research (IMR), Bergen, Norway

Jürgen Holfort
Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH), Rostock, Germany

Jason Holt
National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool, UK

Erik Jeppesen
Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

Laurence Jones
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bangor, UK

Miranda C. Jones
NF-UBC Nereus Program, Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Jan Eiof Jonson
Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway

Hans Joosten
Institute of Botany and Landscape Ecology, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany

Andrew Kenny
Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas), Lowestoft, UK; School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia (UEA), Norwich, UK

Elizabeth C. Kent
National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, UK

Aart Kroon
Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

Wilfried Kühn
Institute of Oceanography, CEN, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

Gregor C. Leckebusch
School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK

Christiana Lefebvre
German Meteorological Service (DWD), Hamburg, Germany

David M. Livingstone
Department of Water Resources and Drinking Water, EAWAG Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Dübendorf, Switzerland

Peter Loewe
Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH), Hamburg, Germany

Ina Lorkowski
Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH), Hamburg, Germany

Moritz Mathis
Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany

Claudia Mauser
IFOK GmbH, Bensheim, Germany

Roberto Mayerle
Research and Technology Centre Westcoast, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany

H.E. Markus Meier
Research Department, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Norrköping, Sweden; Department of Physical Oceanography and Instrumentation, Leibniz-Institute for Baltic Sea Research (IOW), Rostock, Germany

Jaak Monbaliu
Department of Civil Engineering, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Kjell Arne Mork
Institute of Marine Research (IMR), Bergen, Norway

Christopher Moseley
Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany

Christoph Mudersbach
Institute of Water and Environment, Bochum University of Applied Sciences, Bochum, Germany

Ingeborg Nöhren
Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany

Jørgen Eivind Olesen
Department of Agroecology—Climate and Bioenergy, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

Johannes Pätsch
Institute of Oceanography, CEN, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

Myron A. Peck
Institute of Hydrobiology and Fisheries Science, CEN, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

Julie Pietrzak
Environmental Fluid Mechanics Section, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Thomas Pohlmann
CEN, Institute of Oceanography, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

Markus Quante
Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany

Diana Rechid
Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Hamburg, Germany

Adriaan D. Rijnsdorp
Institute for Marine Research and Ecosystem Studies (IMARES), Wageningen University, IJmuiden, The Netherlands

Burkhardt Rockel
Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany

Gerben Ruessink
Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Markku Rummukainen
Centre for Environmental and Climate Research, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Lesley Salt
Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Texel, The Netherlands

Frederik Schenk
Bolin Centre for Climate Research, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden

Natalija Schmelzer
Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH), Rostock, Germany

Corinna Schrum
Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany

John Siddorn
Met Office, Exeter, UK

Ursula Siebert
Institute for Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife Research, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Büsum, Germany

Hein Rune Skjoldal
Institute of Marine Research (IMR), Bergen, Norway

Morten D. Skogen
Institute of Marine Research (IMR), Bergen, Norway

Tim Smyth
Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, UK

Alejandro Jose Souza
National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool, UK

Martin Stendel
Department for Arctic and Climate, Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI), Copenhagen, Denmark

Andreas Sterl
Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, The Netherlands

Horst Sterr
Department of Geography, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany

Jian Su
Institute of Oceanography, CEN, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

Jürgen Sündermann
Institute of Oceanography, CEN, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

Stijn Temmerman
Ecosystem Management Research Group, Antwerp University, Antwerp, Belgium

Helmuth Thomas
Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada

Birger Tinz
German Meteorological Service (DWD), Hamburg, Germany

Merja Helena Tölle
Department of Geography, Climatology, Climate Dynamics and Climate, Justus-Liebig-University Gießen, Gießen, Germany

Ian Townend
Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Southampton, Winchester, UK

Holger Toxvig
Madsen Danish Coastal Authority, Lemvig, Denmark

Dennis Trolle
Department of Bioscience—Lake Ecology, Aarhus University, Silkeborg, Denmark

Ingrid Tulp
Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Management (IMARES), IJmuiden, The Netherlands

Uwe Ulbrich
Institute of Meteorology, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Justus van Beusekom
Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany

Martijn van de Pol
Department of Evolution, Ecology and Genetics, Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia; Department of Animal Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Wageningen, The Netherlands

Else van den Besselaar
Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, The Netherlands

Gerard van der Schrier
Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, The Netherlands

Sytze van Heteren
Department of Geomodeling, TNO-Geological Survey of the Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Jakobus van Huissteden
Department of Earth Sciences, University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Nele Marisa von Bergner
Institute for Tourism and Leisure ITF, HTW Chur, Chur, Switzerland

Thomas Wahl
College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, USA; University of Southampton, Southampton, UK

Sarah Wakelin
National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool, UK

Philip Woodworth
National Oceanography Centre, Liverpool, UK

Tim Woollings
Atmospheric Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Andreas Wurpts
Coastal Research Station, Norderney, Germany